A Biological and Psychological Background to Education by C. G. Ivan Hussell, Alice F. Laing, G. L. Watt

By C. G. Ivan Hussell, Alice F. Laing, G. L. Watt

A organic and mental historical past to schooling makes a speciality of man's actual and mental features which impact education.

The booklet first underscores the significance of man's organic heritage, the organic nature of guy, and the character of the important tactics. Discussions specialize in respiratory, meals, item of important actions, features of guy as an animal, primate features, range of guy, public schooling, and human biology within the colleges. The publication then examines the keep watch over of important strategies, copy and intercourse schooling, genetic components within the lifetime of guy, evolution and guy, and improvement and development.

The manuscript takes a glance at circulate, posture, and workout, overall healthiness and the teacher's accountability, social background of guy, greater psychological procedures, and constitution of character. subject matters comprise social elements in character, remembering and forgetting, intelligence, belief, modern pressures in society, prevention of affliction, and the importance of levers within the body.

The book is designed for college kids at schools of schooling and schools of actual schooling.

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The circulatory changes incidentally produce a rise in blood pressure. Adrenaline also has the effect of increasing the clotting ability of the blood, and this tends to prevent blood loss. Other effects produced by the secretion of adrenaline include the dilation of the pupils, which allows the entry of more light than normally, and the erection of the hair of the body, due to the contraction of the smooth muscle in skin. Most of these effects are known to us for we have all, at some time, been in a frightening situation.

This can result, on average, in half the male children being haemophiliac and half the females being haemophilia carriers. This is represented diagrammatically below. Female Carrier XX Normal daughter XY Normal Male ^XX Carrier Normal daughter son XY Haemophiliac son The classic example of the transmission of haemophilia is found in Queen Victoria and her descendants; out of her thirty-four grandchildren, six were haemophiliacs. Invariably, the female carrier is oblivous to her condition. In some cases the presence of the responsible gene is as a result of a mutation of the genetic constitution of which she cannot be aware.

The genes are arranged in strands of nuclear material called chromosomes. There are 46 chromosomes, arranged in 23 pairs, in each human cell nucleus (except the gametes), one chromosome of each pair having been derived from each parent. Sperms and ova are an exception to this and possess only 23 chromosomes each. The reduction in the number of chromosomes from 46 (diploid number, 55 56 BIOLOGICAL BACKGROUND TO EDUCATION characteristic of the species) to 23 (haploid number, following reduction division during the development of the sex cells) precedes the restoration of the species number when the sperm and ovum unite.

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