A Competitive Anxiety Review: Recent Directions in Sport by Stephen D. Mellalieu

By Stephen D. Mellalieu

This ebook presents a evaluate and dialogue of the hot flow in the direction of the gains and results of aggressive anxiousness. Following an outline of aggressive stress-related terminologies, conceptual and psychometric advancements are thought of together with the suggestion of directional anxiousness interpretations. The statement then makes a speciality of the theories and versions that define the aptitude positive factors of tension relating to athletic functionality. utilized implications and destiny examine instructions also are mentioned including a few explicatory statements in regards to the nature of the precompetitive tension event in activity.

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2003; Hanton and Connaughton, 2002) suggest that elite performers do not differ from their nonelite counterparts in terms of the intensity of precompetitive anxiety responses experienced. It does appear, however, that elite individuals 22 Stephen D. Mellalieu, Sheldon Hanton and David Fletcher typically have a more positive interpretation of these symptoms in terms of their consequences for performance. , 2000). In their qualitative investigation of elite swimmers’ preparation for competition, Hanton and Jones (1999a) noted that the acquisition of mental skills was a gradual progression over the athletes’ careers with initial experiences of cognitive and somatic symptoms associated with competitive anxiety viewed invariably as debilitating to performance.

In an attempt to further discriminate changes in symptoms as a function of anxiety interpretation Thomas et al. , ‘facilitators’, ‘debilitators’ and ‘mixed interpreters’). Facilitators displayed increased intensities of self-confidence, more positive interpretations of cognitive and somatic symptoms, increased frequency of selfconfidence symptoms and decreased frequency of cognitive anxiety symptoms than debilitators and mixed interpreters throughout the precompetition period. Time-to-competition effects also indicated that directional interpretations of cognitive and somatic responses became less positive close to competition and the frequency of cognitive and somatic symptoms increased towards the event.

While no significant relationships were found between task orientation and direction, the effect of ego orientation on the intensity and direction of cognitive and somatic anxiety was reported to be exerted through self-confidence. In addition, no significant relationships were found between motivational climates and competitive anxiety intensity and direction. These findings suggest that motivational climates may have an indirect impact on affective responses through the different goal orientations, while self-confidence again appears to be a powerful construct in helping performers cope with the debilitating effects of stress.

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