By Evan Luard
This, the 1st quantity of an important paintings, describes the institution of the United countries, the controversies and debates in the association and the political elements surrounding those in the course of the first ten years of its existence.
Read Online or Download A History of the United Nations: Volume 1: The Years of Western Domination, 1945–1955 PDF
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Extra info for A History of the United Nations: Volume 1: The Years of Western Domination, 1945–1955
Cordell Hull personally urged Gromyko to accept the US compromise. Roosevelt sent a personal message to Stalin on the matter. But the Soviet Union refused to budge. And this was the most important point which, at the end of the Conference, remained unresolved. There was a smaller controversy, concerning the mqjority required to pass a Council resolution. Britain and China wanted a two-thirds majority. Both the Soviet Union and the United States at first favoured a simple majority. But this would have meant (with a Council of eleven members) that a resolution could be passed with only one vote other than those 30 A History of the United Nations of the great powers.
She therefore proposed that the first step should be to secure agreement between the four great powers on a declaration about postwar intentions generally, and that the Big Three should then proceed to negotiate a protocol for a provisional world organisation of the kind they had in mind. At the Quebec Conference in August 1943, the United States and Britain agreed on the text of a declaration of this kind which it was hoped the Soviet Union and China would also endorse. In this the four governments would 'recognise the necessity of establishing at the earliest practicable date a general international organisation, based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all nations and open to membership by all nations, large and small, for the maintenance of international peace and security'.
These were transmitted to the other powers on 18 July. In return, Britain sent to the others five memoranda, setting out her views on different aspects of the new system. The Soviet Union sent a single 'Memorandum on the International Security Organisation', which the others received only on 21 August, the day the conference was to open. China was even later with her proposals, submitting her 'Essential Points in the Charter of an International Organization' only on 22 August. But all the documents other than those submitted by the United States were in general terms.