Ancient Greek Accentuation: Synchronic Patterns, Frequency by Philomen Probert

By Philomen Probert

The accessory of many Greek phrases has lengthy been thought of arbitrary, yet Philomen Probert issues to a couple remarkable correlations among accentuation and a word's synchronic morphological transparency, and among accentuation and note frequency, that provide clues to the prehistory of the accessory process. Bringing jointly comparative facts for the Indo-European accentuation of the correct different types with contemporary insights into the results that lack of transparency and notice frequency have on language swap, Probert makes use of the synchronically observable correlations to bridge the distance among the accentuation styles reconstructable for Indo-European and people at once attested for Greek from the Hellenistic interval onwards.

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Eq. 487a; Velsen (1853: 10). 30 Book 1 of Trypho’s —åæd š`ôôØŒBò ðæïófiøäßÆò is cited for the Attic accentuation of âÆFíïò ‘furnace’ (Hrd. fr. 31 The other grammarians cited in Hunger’s fragments conWrm the impression given by the Homeric scholia that Herodian’s sources were largely grammarians trained in the Alexandrian tradition. A lost work by the Alexandrian Didymus (Wrst century bc), ïƒ ìíçìÜô{ôÆØ, perhaps a collection of model funeral speeches, is cited, though we do not know for what (Hrd.

20 Herodian relied very heavily on earlier grammarians trained in the Alexandrian tradition. ), of Aristarchus. Direct pupils adduced include Dionysius Thrax, Demetrius Ixion, and Apollodorus. The grammarians who are most often adduced, other than Aristarchus himself, lived somewhat nearer to Herodian’s own time: Tyrannio (early Wrst century bc), Trypho (late Wrst century bc), Ptolemy of Ascalon (early Wrst century ad), and Pamphilus (second half of the Wrst century ad). 23 On occasion, 19 See EgenolV (1900; 1902; 1903); Dyck (1993); Nifadopoulos (2001: 9–11).

Epaphroditus (Wrst century ad) is cited for the word ìÆíÜŒØò ‘seldom’ (Hrd. fr. 55 Hunger). Epaphroditus was born at Chaeronea and after being taken into slavery came to the house of the Alexandrian grammarian Archias, who educated him. He subsequently changed hands and after then being set free came to Rome, where he taught until his death (Cohn 1905: 2711). Grammarians called Heracleon and Aristophanes are cited for the word ŁÝæìÆıóôæïí ‘portable brazier’ (Hrd. fr. 56 Hunger). Hunger (1967: 14) regards the Aristophanes in question as probably Aristophanes of Byzantium (third to second century bc), the Alexandrian who, we are told, invented signs for Greek accents (see above).

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